Cand vorbim despre scoala, cred ca principala materie care a scos peri albi parintilor, mai mult decat orice, este matematica.

Matematica poate pune probleme oricarui copil, dar pentru elevii cu autism aceasta materie este cu adevarat o provocare. Acum ca este vara, unii parinti tind sa lase de-o parte stresul provocat de lectiile la matematica pana ce va incepe anul scolar.

Dar, parintii ai caror copii sufera de autism stiu ca principalul element al reusitei este consecventa, atat pentru a pastra abilitatile matematice pe drumul cel bun, cat si pentru a reduce frustrarea copiilor cu autism atunci cand revin la scoala si se confrunta din nou cu probleme la aceasta materie. Astfel, iata cateva sfaturi care pot fi puse in practica de-a lungul verii.

Faceti conexiuni cu lumea reala

Pentru copiii din spectrul autist, problemele abstracte din matematica pot reprezenta o problema. Concret, lor le poate fi foarte greu sa inteleaga un anumit concept daca nu pot sa il aplice practic. In timpul verii este indicat sa va lasati copiii sa experimenteze si sa faca aceste conexiuni.

Spre exemplu, lasati-i sa cumpere anumite obiecte din magazin in acest fel exersand adunarea, scaderea, inmultirea si impartirea, sau duceti-i la un muzeu de stiinta unde au sansa sa vada modul in care matematica impacteaza tehnologia si stiinta intr-o maniera practica.

Asigurati-le o consolidare pozitiva a invatarii

Nu fiti economicosi in a va lauda copilul cand lucreaza la matematica si aveti grija ca pe timpul verii sa aiba in permanenta cate ceva de facut. Dupa ce termina exercitiile bucurati-va alaturi de el, oferiti-i recompense, astfel el se va simti motivat si va continua sa invete.

Introduceti schimbarile treptat

Schimbarea este inevitabila, dar uneori este destul de greu de gestionat mai ales pentru copiii cu autism. Din pacate, orele de matematica sunt pline de schimbari – concepte noi, abordari noi de a rezolva problemele, noi metode de predare, toate acestea pot face procesul de invatare mult mai dificil.

Daca fostul profesor al copilului tau folosea video-urile pentru a-l invata noi concepte, iar viitorul profesor va folosi o tableta, discuta cu copilul viitoarea schimbare, cumpara-i eventual in timpul verii o tableta pentru a se obisnui cu ea, astfel cand va ajunge la scoala copilul se va simti deja confortabil, schimbarea fiind una treptata si nu brusca.

Acordati atentie individual

In ultimul rand, fiecare elev are nevoi diferite. Unii copii invata mai bine vizual, altii cu pixul in mana, unii sunt mai buni la geometrie, altii la algebra, unii invata mai usor, altii mai greu. Cel mai usor mod de a-i face pe cei cu autism sa invete matematica este sa le acordati atentie individual si sa va pliati pe nevoile fiecaruia, sau sa le luati un tutore personal.

De asemenea este esential ca pe timpul verii copilul sa faca exercitii pentru a nu uita conceptele la care a lucrat din greu in timpul anului, astfel copilul fiind gata sa paseasca in noul an cu un minimum de constrangere sau neliniste.

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Which school subject has led to more parental gray hairs than all other subjects combined? It’s not too hard to guess that the answer is math.

Math can be a struggle for any child, but students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often encounter some unique challenges where math is concerned. Now that it’s summertime, it can be tempting to let math practice fall by the wayside, and leave the stress of dealing with it until the new school year starts up again in the Fall.

But as ASD parents, you also know that consistency is key, both to keeping math skills on track— and to keeping frustration and meltdowns to a minimum when math class is back in session. Here are some tips that parents can apply over the summer as well.

Make real-world connections

For children on the spectrum, some of the more abstract concepts in math can present a problem. As concrete, black-and-white thinkers, it can be hard for them to understand a nebulous idea that doesn’t have an obvious practical application.

Let him/her pay for items at the store, and practice adding and subtracting, multiplying and dividing in the process. Or take your child to a local museum of science to let them experience the way math affects technology and science in a hands-on way.

Provide extra positive reinforcement

Don’t be sparing in your praise of your ASD child’s math progress. Provide your child with some math work to practice over the summer, and then make a huge deal out of every success – it’ll inspire him/her to keep up the good work.

Introduce changes slowly

Change is inevitable, but it’s also hard for children on the spectrum to deal with sometimes. Unfortunately, math class is full of changes—new concepts, new approaches to solving problems, new methods of teaching—and that can make learning even more difficult.

If your child’s previous teacher used a lot of videos to teach math concepts, and you know next year’s teacher will use a lot more student work on a smartboard, start discussing the change with your child over the summer.

Get him/her a whiteboard or tablet to start getting familiar with writing on a board or with the apps that might be used. That way, when it’s introduced in school, your child will already be comfortable with it.

Provide individualized attention

Ultimately, every student has different math needs. Some children are visual learners, while some are more hands-on. Some have trouble with geometry but fly through algebra or vice versa. And within those categories, each student has concepts that seem harder or easier to them, just depending on how they’re wired.

The very best way to help your child with autism succeed in math is to get them one-on-one attention, to ensure that their unique, specific math needs are being met. Whether that means working with them yourself, getting a private tutor, or finding an online program that customizes its tutorials around assessments of their unique strengths and weaknesses, it’s the most important piece of the puzzle.

And getting your child that individual math help over the summer will help them maintain the math skills they’ve already worked so hard to develop and be ready to jump into the next school year with a minimum of upset.

Sursa: https://www.autismparentingmagazine.com/simple-ways-autism-master-math/

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