Este vara. Acea perioada dificila a anului pentru majoritatea parintilor ai caror copii sufera de autism. De ce? Pentru ca vara copilul trece de la activitati structurate la cele non-structurate, astfel putand aparea diverse caderi nervoase ale copilului. In articolul de fata va voi prezenta cateva activitati pe care le puteti incerca pe timpul verii cu copiii dumneavoastra.

Creati cateva obiective pe timpul verii pentru copilul dumneavoastra si apoi alegeti acele activitati care va vor ajuta copilul sa atinga aceste obiective. Nu va descurajati daca acesta nu poate sustine activitatile ore in sir, intrucat este nerealist sa credeti asta. Alegeti activitati cu un inceput si un sfarsit clar, crescand treptat timpul. Ultilizarea unui cronometru este importanta deoarece stiti cand s-a terminat activitatea.

Cand lucrati cu copilul puneti accent pe limbaj si comunicare. In acest fel, puteti crea o legatura sociala cu copilul dumneavoastra pe care o puteti dezvolta atat verbal, cat si non verbal. Cel mai importat in toate activitatile intreprinse este sa va faceti copilul sa se distreze, sa se simta bine. In continuare va voi prezenta cateva tipuri de activitati pentru copiii cu autism care pot fi incercate pe timpul verii.

Activitati senzoriale

Activitatile senzoriale sunt minunate pentru ca incurajeaza copilul sa foloseasca cele cinci simturi – vaz, auz, miros, gust si tactil. Cateva idei de activitati senzoriale ar putea fi sa faca baloane de sapun pe care sa le prinda si sa le sparga, sau sa puneti pasta de ras pe masa, iar copilul sa scrie diferite cifre sau litere. O alta varianta ar fi sa folositi bilute de apa si sa ascundeti printre ele jucarii cu animale de la zoo pe care copilul sa le geseasca.

Jocuri

Jocurile sunt foarte importante pentru ca ii ajuta pe copiii cu autism sa respecte regulile. Incepeti cu jocuri simple, cum ar fi cele de construit sau jocul Freeze Dance (in care trebuie sa te opresti cand nu mai canta muzica si sa incepi sa dansezi cand muzica reincepe. Odata ce copilului ii plac aceste jocuri simple, puteti sa il invatati si jocuri mai complexe cum ar fi “De-a v-ati ascunselea”.

Excursiile

Excursiile sunt cea mai buna modalitate de a va invata copilul cum sa interactioneze cu lumea. Incepeti prin a merge in parc si lucrati la anumite lucruri cum ar fi sa mearga pe jos sau sa-si miste picioarele in timp ce se da in leagan. De asemenea, puteti sa mergeti la inot, acesta fiind un mod excelent de a dezvolta abilitatile senzoriale ale copilului. Nu in ultimul rand, puteti merge la biblioteca si sa participati la povesti sau sa lecturati carti despre subiecte indragite de copilul dumneavoastra.

***

It’s summertime…the dreaded time of year for most autism parents! It is that time of year when your child goes from structure to non-structure and we begin to see more and more meltdowns because of this BIG transition.

Create a few summertime goals for your child and then choose activities that will help your child reach those goals. Don’t get discouraged if your child can’t sustain engagement with an activity for hours and hours because that is unrealistic. Start small and increase the time. Choose activities with a clear start and end and only do them for 5-10 minute increments and gradually increase the time. Using a timer is always helpful because it lets your child know when the activity is over.

When doing activities with your child always work on language and communication. This is a time for you to connect with your child socially and the way we socially connect with one another is through nonverbal (i.e., eye contact) and verbal communication.  Last but not least HAVE FUN with your child.

Sensory Activities

Sensory play is wonderful because it encourages your child to use their five senses of sight, touch, taste, smell, and hearing. Some ideas of sensory activities are blowing bubbles and having your child chase and pop them. Put shaving cream on a table and have your child draw or write letters and numbers. Fill a plastic bin with water beads and hide small zoo animals, dinosaurs, or whatever your child likes and then have your child find them. Each week change out the materials in the bin to shredded paper, pasta, sand, etc.

Games

Games promote the concept of turn-taking and following rules. Start by playing a simple board and physical games with your child. Examples of simple board games to play are Don’t Break the Ice and Memory. Fun physical games are Freeze Dance and Tag. Once your child enjoys playing simple games, you can begin to teach games with more complex rules such as Candy Land, Hide-and-Seek, and Simon Says.

Outings

Outings are the best way to teach your child how to interact with the world. Start with going to your nearest park and work on things like going down the slide or teaching your child how to pump their legs while swinging. Another great outing is to take your child swimming. You can work on water safety during this time, but swimming also provides your child with a lot of sensory input. Go to your local library and attend a story time or check out books of subjects that your child enjoys

Summertime Activities That Will Engage Your Child With Autism

Sursa: https://www.autismparentingmagazine.com/summertime-activities-engage-child-autism/

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