Jocurile senzoriale sunt importante pentru dezvoltarea tuturor copiilor, dar mai ales pentru copiii din spectrul autist care de obicei au probleme senzoriale. Practicand jocurile, cei mici devin mai constienti de ceea ce inseamna cauza si efect sau de actiunile pe care le pot face cu propriul corp. Pentru cei care au probleme senzoriale, aceste experiente ii ajuta sa creeze legaturi intre acele parti ale creierului responsabile cu procesarea stimulilor.

Daca un copil este angrenat in jocuri care presupun dezvoltarea mirosului, atunci va sti sa faca diferenta intre diferite arome sau parfumuri. Copilul poate constata ca ii plac anumite mirosuri, cum ar fi cele ale fructelor sau florilor, sau ii displace mirosul fumului. La fel si cu alte simturi. Cand bebelusii baga in gura anumite lucruri invata ceea ce este moale sau tare, cald sau rece, fin sau rigid.

Jocul senzorial il ajuta sa isi dezvolte abilitatile motorii fine, sa memoreze, sa aiba orientare spatiala sau sa rezolve diverse probleme. De asemenea, ajuta copiii sa isi dezvolte abilitatile cognitive necesare studierii tehnologiei sau stiintei, cum ar fi: experimentarea, observarea, acumularea noilor cunostinte sau capacitatea de a trage concluzii.

Jocurile senzoriale au si un efect de calmare asupra multor copii. Specialistii sunt de parere ca cei din spectrul autist fac o multime de legaturi neuronale atunci cand sunt implicati in activitati senzoriale. Pe langa utilitatea lor terapeutica, aceste tipuri de jocuri pot sa atraga copiii pentru ca sunt si amuzante. Iata cateva jocuri pe care le puteti experimenta cu cei mici.

Creati cosuri senzoriale

Cosurile senzoriale sunt foarte folosite in randul prescolarilor pentru a-I face sa descopere diferite texturi sau forme. Pentru a pune in practica jocul, luati un un obiect de plastic sau o cutie de carton suficient de mari pentru a putea fi manevrate si umpleti-le cu diferite texturi cum ar fi: nisip, orez, geletina, spuma de ras, cuburi de gheata, apa, pamant sau hartie. Lasati copiii sa isi foloseasca mainile pentru a scoate sau a introduce nisipul in galeata. Daca aveti un copil cu autism caruia nu ii plac texturile neobisnuite, oferiti-I acestuia mai multe recompense, cum ar fi animale de jucarie sau obiecte pe care sa le gaseasca in vasele de plastic.

Inventati un sport cu balon

Copiii sunt fascinati sa urmareasca adulti care se joaca cu mingea/balonul. Lasati copiii sa intinda balonul, ajutati-l sa le umfle, dupa care va puteti juca volei, fotbal sau baschet cu balonul umflat de copil. Incercati sa mentineti balonul in aer cat mai mult intrucat este un mod excelent de a dezvolta coordonarea ochi-mana a copilului.

Plantati o gradina

Joaca cu pamantul este cea mai de pret experienta senzoriala, si daca plantati legume, copilul poate invata foarte multe din aceasta experienta. Alegeti un colt fertil al gradinii si plantati impreuna cu copilul ceva, astfel el va constata ca munca sa are un rezultat.

***

 Sensory play is important for the development of all children—and that’s even truer for children on the autism spectrum who might have sensory integration issues. Kids become more aware of cause and effect, how things work, and what their own bodies can do. For children with sensory integration challenges, these types of experiences help create connections between the pathways of the brain that are responsible for processing stimuli.

The Benefits of Sensory Play

If a child plays a game incorporating the sense of smell, it improves the ability to differentiate different scents. The child learns to like some smells, such as flowers and fruit, while other smells, such as smoke, trigger danger. The same is true of the other senses. When babies put things in their mouths, this exploration helps them learn what is soft or hard, what is warm or cold, what is smooth or rough. These distinctions can help to build vocabulary and language.

Sensory play helps to develop fine and gross motor skills, memory, spatial awareness, and problem-solving. It helps children develop the cognitive skills necessary for science and technology study including:
• Observing
• Experimenting
• Drawing conclusions
• Predicting
• Incorporating new knowledge

Sensory play also has a calming effect on many children. Some experts believe that children on the spectrum who do a lot of “stimming” when are seeking a way to control and understand sensory input. Sensory play is educational and therapeutic, but perhaps most importantly, it’s fun. To get started, here are some fun and affordable activities you can enjoy with your child.

Create Sensory Bins

Sensory bins are a common sight in preschools where children use them to explore different textures and shapes. They are inexpensive to create and can keep potentially messy activities contained. To make one, start with a plastic storage tub, a cardboard box, or a cooking tray. It should be big enough for kids to manipulate the contents without spilling. Fill your bin with things that have different colors and textures. Some options include:
• Sand
• Rice
• Uncooked pasta
• Shaving foam
• Gelatin
• Buttons or beads
• Ice cubes
• Potting soil
• Shredded paper
• Unpopped popcorn
• Water
• Clay

Let kids explore with their hands or use tools like spoons or sand shovels to scoop and pour. If you have a child on the autism spectrum who dislikes unusual textures, start slowly and offer a lot of positive reinforcement. You can bury objects your child likes in the bin like plastic animals, toy trucks, or other small things that don’t present a choking hazard.

Invent a Balloon Sport

Young children are fascinated by watching adults blow up balloons. Let your kids stretch the balloons, try to inflate them, and feel them expand as you fill them with air. Once you have a few made, try playing balloon volleyball, soccer, basketball, or a game of your own creation. Trying to keep the balloons afloat is great for hand-eye coordination.

Plant a Garden

Playing in the dirt is the ultimate grounding sensory experience, and if you plant a vegetable garden, your kids can learn a lot of lessons while they’re at it. Pick a fertile corner of your yard or get some containers and potting soil. If you’re crafty, you can make upcycled planters out of discarded items like tires or pallets. Once your garden is planted, make your own mulch out of shredded paper, cardboard, or lawn clippings. Before long, you and your kids will be able to enjoy harvesting and eating the results.

Fun and Affordable Sensory Play Ideas for Kids With Special Needs

Source: https://www.autismparentingmagazine.com/special-needs-sensory-play-ideas/

Leave a comment

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: