Autismul nu este o tulburare usor de tratat si care sa treaca repede. De aceea, parintilor le este de cele mai multe ori greu sa se acomodeze cu gandul ca al lor copil sufera de autism. Unul dintre principalele lucruri la care parintii trebuie sa sa gandeasca este ca nimic nu se schimba odata cu aflarea vestii ca cel mic sufera de autism. Cu cat parintele este mai informat si beneficiaza de resurse si suport din partea specialistilor, cu atat mai usor le va fi sa-si sustina copilul.

Una dintre putinele abordari stiintifice pentru tratarea autismului este analiza aplicata a comportamentului sau terapia ABA. Este una dintre singurele interventii care are rezultate notabile si verificate pentru cei diagnosticati cu autism. ABA ajuta indivizii cu autism inca din anii 1960. Tratamentul consta in aplicarea principiilor terapiei ABA si urmareste imbunatatirea acelor comportamente sociale, cum ar fi comunicarea, abilitatile sociale, activitati zilnice sau provocari comportamentale. De asemenea, aceasta terapie poate fi un bun adjuvant, contribuind si la stabilitatea emotionala si autocontrolul copilului, ajutandu-l chiar sa devina independent, fara a mai fi nevoie sa aiba permanent pe cineva in preajma.

Avand zeci de ani de cercetare și intervenții validate empiric, analistii comportamentali au o multitudine de instrumente si tehnici avansate necesare predarii abilităților persoanelor cu autism. Metodele includ predarea in mediul natural, modelare, programe bazate pe sarcini, modificarea situațiilor din mediul inconjurator, comunicare și multe altele.

Sedintele de terapie sunt sustinute de obicei unu la unu, acasa, in salile de clasa sau in grup. Exista mai multe modalitati de a desfasura si de a livra aceste servicii de terapie, de la o frecventa crescuta a sedintelor ( 40 de ore pe saptamana), pana la una mai putin intensiva ( de doar 10 ore pe saptamana). Studiile arata ca cei care au facut terapie inca din faza incipienta a tulburarii au avut cele mai bune rezultate pe termen lung.

Unul dintre cele mai mari avantaje ale terapiei ABA este ca nu necesita un echipament sau instrumente costisitoare. Este foarte usor de inclus in viata si in programul copiilor si al parintilor. Fiecare membru al familiei poate invata si practica diferite aspecte dintre cele invatate de copil in timpul sedintelor de terapie efectuate de un terapeut. Este chiar indicat pentru parinti sa faca parte din programul terapeutic al copiilor si sa puna in practica, acasa, ceea ce terapeutii fac in timpul sedintelor.

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 Learning that your child has been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be very difficult for family members. One of the most important things to remember is that your child is still the same child that he/she was prior to the diagnosis. As you learn about ASD and begin to use resources and find supports available, the more empowered you will become to be your child’s best advocate.

One of the few scientific approaches for the treatment of ASD is applied behavior analysis (ABA). It is one of the only interventions that has verified results for individuals diagnosed with autism. ABA has been helping individuals with ASD and related developmental disorders since the 1960s. Treatment for your child utilizes the principles and methods of ABA to target and treat socially significant behaviors, for example, communication, social skills, daily living skills, and behavioral challenges. ABA can help increase positive behaviors and teach self-control and self-monitoring to maintain positive behaviors in various situations.

With decades of research and empirically validated interventions, behavior analysts have a toolbox of advanced techniques to help teach skills to individuals with autism. Methods include teaching skills in the natural environment, modeling, task-based schedules, reinforcement, modifying environmental situations, discrete trial teaching, pivotal response training, functional communication training and more.

Therapy is often conducted one-to-one across any setting—home, community, social group, daycare, and classroom setting. ABA services vary for different types of learners. Options include intensive, up to 40 hours per week, as well as less intensive services. Research demonstrates that individuals who receive early intensive behavioral interventions have the best outcomes. The hours are initially prescribed by the diagnosing doctor based on their evaluations. Additional evaluations are then conducted by the behavior analyst from the ABA program, in which treatment goals are developed based on the results.

One of the best things about ABA is that it does not require the use of expensive equipment or tools. It is easy to learn and incorporate into your everyday life. Each member of your family can learn and practice varying aspects of what your child is being taught by an ABA provider and carry it over throughout the day. In fact, this is highly encouraged. Parent/caregiver training is an essential aspect of your ABA program. Being part of your child’s team and implementing ABA therapy in your home will have the greatest impact on your child’s advancement and achievements.

Ways ABA Therapy Can Help Improve Skills For Life

Source: https://www.autismparentingmagazine.com/ways-aba-therapy-improve-skills/