In ziua de azi sunt foarte multe metode de terapie care pot ajuta copiii cu autism. Avand in vedere ca sunt mai multe tipuri de autism si o varietate de medii in care copiii cu autism sunt crescuti, pentru parinti ar fi o idee buna sa descopere ce tip de terapie i se potriveste cel mai bine copilului.

Una dintre cele mai bune forme de terapie care ajuta copiii sa faca o distinctie intre simturi este terapia ocupationala care s-a dovedit a fi extrem de utila intrucat ii ajuta pe cei mici sa proceseze realitatea si evenimentele care se petrec in viata de zi cu zi intr-un mod rational si comfortabil.

Ce este terapia ocupationala?

Scopul terapiei ocupationale este sa ajute oamenii implicati in activitati academice sa isi dezvolte abilitati necesare atat invatarii, cat si activitatilor zilnice. De asemenea, un copil cu probleme in dezvoltare va invata sa relationeze cu membrii familiei si sa dezvolte relatii sociale cu alti copii. Mai jos, cateva dintre beneficiile terapiei ocupationale:
• Abilitatea de a invata si procesa noi informatii;
• Independenta si autonomie;
• Abilitatea de a stabili usor si eficient interactiuni sociale.

Cand vorbim despre copiii cu autism aceasta terapie incurajeaza dezvoltarea altor abilitati necesare succesului, cum ar fi:
• Scrisul de mana;
• Dezvoltarea motricitatii fine
• Abilitati necesare pentru viata de zi cu zi, cum ar fi organizarea, dezvoltarea unei rutine sau activitati de igiena, etc.

Cel mai important si dificil lucru la care un terapeut trebuie sa lucreze cand vine vorba de un copil cu autism este reprezentat de abilitatile senzoriale. Barierele senzoriale sunt principala dificultate care ii impiedica pe cei cu autism sa se implice in activitatile sociale precum colegii lor, deci un ajutor in aceasta zona prin intermediul acestei terapii este binevenit pentru copiii cu autism.

Terapia senzoriala

Terapia senzoriala ii permite copilului sa integreze diferite activitati senzoriale in activitatile zilnice, avand canteva beneficii cum ar fi:
• Vor fi capabili sa-si gestioneze simturile fara a fi coplesiti;
• Vor fi capabili sa raspunda mai bine stimulilor senzoriali;
• Atentia si concentrarea lor vor fi mai ridicate intrucat nu vor mai avea caderi nervoase provocate de efortul de a procesa mai multe informatii;
• Nu vor mai evita anumite comportamente senzoriale intrucat vor sti sa faca diferenta intre ele si nu vor mai avea stari de anxietate.

Exista si cateva activitati care implica sistemul senzitivo-motor care ajuta copilul sa isi puna intrebari sa sa fie dornic sa invete lucruri noi, printre aceste activitati numarandu-se:
• Activitati care fac copilul mai alert, precum invartitul in cercuri sau sariturile, in acest caz fiind implicat sistemul nervos;
• Organizarea unor activitati care integreaza mintea si corpul in acelasi timp, precum jongleriile sau mentinerea echilibrului;
• Exercitii de relaxare care sa-i ajute sa inteleaga modul in care propriul corp se incadreaza in spatiul din jurul lor.

In concluzie, exista multe metode de terapie si este important ca parintii si terapeutii sa inteleaga care dintre ele i se potriveste cel mai bine copilului. In cazul celor cu autism, ar fi bine sa luati in calcul terapia ocupationala, care s-a dovedit a fi extrem de eficienta in a-i ajuta pe cei din spectrul autist sa isi gestioneze situatia.

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 There are many different methods of therapy that can be useful for helping children cope with the symptoms of autism. Since there are different types of autism and a wide variety of environments that autistic children may be raised in, it’s a good idea to figure out which type of therapy will best suit the child in question.

There are a lot of therapeutic methods and strategies that can be adopted to help people learn to filter their senses. One of the best forms of therapy for this is known as occupational therapy, and it has proven to be very successful in helping autistic children develop the necessary filters so they can process reality comfortably.

What is occupational therapy (OT)?

The purpose of an occupational therapist is to help people involved with academia develop the skills necessary to succeed in their education and in their lives in general. Several of the traits identified as necessary for healthy living by OTs include:
• The ability to learn and commit new information to memory
• A good sense of self-esteem and self-confidence
• Independence and self-sufficiency
• The ability to have social interactions easily and effectively

These traits are generally encouraged by all manner of occupational therapists. They apply this knowledge in a holistic sense and help people develop an all-around formula for engaging in life successfully.
When dealing with autistic children, OTs tend to encourage the development of other skills necessary for success. These include:
• Handwriting and printing
• The development of fine motor skills
• Skills necessary for daily living such as organization, routine development, hygiene, etc.

All of these things considered, the most important and difficult thing a therapist has to work with when dealing with children with autism is their sensory processing skills. Sensory barriers are the main difficulty preventing autistic children from engaging in life at the same level as their peers and helping to deal with these issues can be a great help to autistic children.

Sensory diet/lifestyle

The sensory diet is a formulated activity plan that helps people who haven’t been able to develop their own sensory recognition program. This plan allows a child to integrate all sorts of different sensory activities in their day so they can engage in and begin to work with a wide variety of sensory inputs. This provides a wide number of benefits:
• They’ll be better able to manage and interpret their senses without getting overwhelmed.
• They will be able to respond better to sensory input without becoming overwhelmed.
• Their focus and attention span will increase because they’re not going to be having meltdowns from trying to process too much information
• They will help a child become more balanced and comfortable in their own skin
• They will help to prevent one of the most common things seen among people with sensory disorders: compulsive seeking or avoidance of certain sensory behaviors. They’ll also be able to switch between different sensory experiences with less anxiety.
• Sensory diet plans help to rebuild or reform the child’s nervous system. This allows them to physically handle more sensory input without getting overwhelmed or anxious.

Activities for sensory diet

• Activities that make the child more alert, like spinning in circles or doing jumping jacks. This primes the nervous system.
• Organizing activities that integrate the brain and body together—things like juggling or training balance.
• Relaxing exercises that allow them to understand how their body fits into the space around them.

Top Ways Occupational Therapy Can Help Kids With Autism Every Day

Source: https://www.autismparentingmagazine.com/help-kids-with-autism-everyday/

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